A class action lawsuit was recently filed in the Northern District of California against the world’s largest web-based professional network, LinkedIn Corp., for alleged violations of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (“FCRA”).  


Tracee Sweet et al. v. LinkedIn Corp.

, Case No. 5:14-cv-04531 (N.D. Cal. Oct. 9, 2014).  The four plaintiffs claim that LinkedIn violated the FCRA “through the use of its reference search functionality, which allows prospective employers, among others, for a subscription fee, to obtain reports containing ‘Trusted References’ for job applicants who are members of LinkedIn.”  By using the “Search for References” feature, prospective employers can access a report containing the names, locations, employment areas, current employers, and current positions of all persons in the user’s network who may have worked with the applicant.  The reference report encourages the prospective employer to contact references by allowing prospective employers to view each reference’s profile; to “connect” with each reference on LinkedIn; and to send each reference a message by “InMail,” LinkedIn’s internal electronic messaging system.  Members of LinkedIn, however, are allegedly not notified when prospective employers run the reference report on them. 

The plaintiffs claim that  LinkedIn violated the FCRA by “(1) fail[ing] to comply with the certification and disclosure requirements mandated by the FCRA for credit reporting agencies who furnish consumer reports for employment purposes, (2) fail[ing] to maintain reasonable procedures to limit the furnishing of consumer reports for the purposes enumerated in the FCRA and to assure maximum possible accuracy of consumer report information, and (3) fail[ing] to provide the users of the reference reports the notices mandated by the FCRA.”  In essence, the plaintiff claim, the reference reports allow any prospective employer to “anonymously dig into the employment history of any LinkedIn member, and make hiring and firing decisions based upon the information they gather, without the knowledge of the member, and without any safeguards in place as to the accuracy of the information.” 

The plaintiffs seek to certify a class of all persons in the U.S. who have had a reference report run on them in the last two years that was initiated through LinkedIn’s “Search for References” feature.  The plaintiffs also propose a subclass of individuals who applied for employment through a LinkedIn job posting in the last two years, whose potential employer ran a reference report initiated through LinkedIn’s “Search for References” feature. 

Importantly, the lawsuit hinges on whether the reference reports constitute consumer reports, which are defined by the FCRA as “any written, oral, or other communications of any information by a consumer reporting agency bearing on a consumer’s credit worthiness, credit standing, credit capacity, character, general reputation, personal characteristics, or mode of living which is used or expected to be used or collected in whole or in part for the purposes of serving as a factor in establishing the consumer’s eligibility for – [among other things] employment purposes . . . .”  In the event the reference reports are deemed not to constitute consumer reports, the claims would fall outside the purview of the FCRA and the lawsuit should be dismissed. 

For more information on the LinkedIn case and/or the FCRA generally, contact Katherine Olson at (312) 334-3444 or